Field studies were conducted during the rainy season of 2007 and 2008 at National Horticultural Research Institute, Ibadan, Nigeria to evaluate the productivity of the mixtures and time of introduction on the yield of pepper and basil. Seven treatments namely; sole basil (same day), sole basil (planted after two weeks), basil (planted after 4 weeks), sole (pepper same day),pepper/basil (same day),pepper/basil (planted after 2 weeks) and pepper/basil (planted after 4 weeks)were arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replicates. Result showed that sole for both crops (pepper and basil) produced significantly (p<0.05)highest yield ha of 16.3 t/ha (2007) and 19.6t/ha (2008) and 82.5t/ha (2007) and 77.9t/ha (2008) respectively for both cropping seasons compared with the intercrops. Pepper and basil intercrop after four weeks had the least yield ha of 8.1t/ha and 5.0t/ha (pepper) and 39.1t/ha and 24.9t/ha (basil) for both cropping season respectively. The land equivalent ratio of 2.49 and 1.79 (greater than one) were obtained for pepper/basil planted on the same day, although pepper/basil intercrop planted after two weeks and pepper and basil planted after 4 weeks also have their LER as 1.86 and 1.68 and 1.87 and 1.67 respectively for both cropping seasons. This is indicating the compatibility of pepper and basil as intercrop. The planting of pepper with basil as intercrop is therefore productive.